December 13th, 2011

Research Paper




Lit Review Final Draft

October 23rd, 2011

Here’s the final draft for my lit review

Literature Review 

Footnotes and a Bad Thesis

October 9th, 2011

Print Footnotes:
1.  Theodore Roosevelt, “Theodore Roosevelt to Charles Walcott”, (March 15, 1910).

2.  Theodore Roosevelt, “Wild Man and Wild Beast in Africa,” The National Geographic Magazine (January 1911): 32.

3.  Theodore Roosevelt, “Lion Hunting on the Kapiti Plains.” Scribner’s Magazine (November 1909): 513.

Secondary Print Footnotes:
1.  Ronald Tobias, Film and the American Moral Vision of Nature, (East Lansing, MI:
Michigan State University Press, 2011), 55.

2.  Edmund Morris, Colonel Roosevelt, (New York: Random House, 2010), 356.

3.  Patricia O’Toole, When Trumpets Call: Theodore Roosevelt After the White House,
(New York: Simon & Schuster, 2005) 532.

Non-Print Sources:
1.  Theodore Roosevelt in Africa: Part 1 of 4, Web, directed by Theodore Roosevelt (1909).

2.  Theodore Roosevelt in Africa: Part 2 of 4, Web, directed by Theodore Roosevelt (1909).

3. Theodore Roosevelt in Africa: Part 3 of 4, Web, directed by Theodore Roosevelt (1909).

Bad Thesis:
“The War of 1812 came before the Civil War.”













Small Bibliography

October 4th, 2011


Bodrey-Sanders, Penelope. Carl Akeley: Africa’s Collectors, Africa’s Savior. St. Paul,
MN: Paragon House, 1991

F.R.C, First. “Review: Mr. Roosevelt’s East African Expedition.” The Geographical
Journal. 37. no. 3 (1911): 307-308.

Morison, Elting. The Letters of Theodore Roosevelt. Cambridge, MA: Harvard
University Press, 1954.

Roosevelt, Theodore. Theodore Roosevelt to Charles Walcott, March 15, 1910.

Roosevelt, Theodore. “Wild Man and Wild Beast in Africa.” The National Geographic
Magazine, January 1911, 1-33.

Roosevelt, Theodore. “Part 1 of 4.” Theodore Roosevelt in Africa. 1909. Web,

Roosevelt, Theodore. “Part 2 of 4.” Theodore Roosevelt in Africa. 1909. Web,

Roosevelt, Theodore. “Part 3 of 4.” Theodore Roosevelt in Africa. 1909. Web,

Roosevelt, Theodore. “Part 4 of 4.” Theodore Roosevelt in Africa. 1909. Web,

Grogan, Ewert. “Curious African Tribes.” The New York Times, September 30, 1900. Web, Link




Final Proposal

October 2nd, 2011

In 1909 following the end of his presidency, Theodore Roosevelt set out on a safari throughout Africa. Andrew Carnegie financed this safari, and the purpose of this safari was to hunt animals and collect their specimens. The collected specimens that they collected were to be donated to the Smithsonian Institution as well as the New York Museum of Natural History. Roosevelt brought numerous people such as R.J. Cunningham and Carl Akeley, the father of modern taxidermy on this journey. During this journey, Roosevelt killed and trapped over 11,397 animals, ranging from various insects to hippopotami and elephants. Although this journey was conducted in the name of science and research for exotic animals, it became quite the political and social event in America. The safari became a spectacle due to Roosevelt’s encounters with the African tribal members that most Americans had no prior knowledge of. This research paper will examine how Theodore Roosevelt’s African safari of 1909 both shaped the American view of Africa and eventually led to the exploitation of African wildlife.
While on safari, Roosevelt wrote many letters to his family back in America, in addition to a book about the journey called “African Game Trails”—both of these sources constitute as primary source documentation. The necessity for both primary and secondary sources is pertinent to this research, as it allows the average man or woman to understand how Americans felt about Africa and its wildlife before Roosevelt’s safari, as well as how his writings about it eventually shaped their opinions. One main primary source is Roosevelt’s book, African Game Trails: An Account of the African Wanderings of an American Hunter-Naturalist. This book recounts all of Roosevelt’s journeys while on this particular safari. African Game Trails gives a detailed first hand account of this safari, as well as his encounters with different African tribes and tribal members. This source is a valuable asset, as this book was one of the first widely published books that Americans had access to. This access allowed Americans the ability to read specific details about the safari, regarding both the people and animals that made up the parts of Africa that Roosevelt travelled through. Another key source would be the four short-length film clips that were taken during the safari. Each of these clips exhibits a different visual aspect of the safari Americans may not have been aware of, had their only source of information been African Game Trails. These short film clips also led many cinematographers to want to personally journey through Africa in order to document both animals and the lives of the tribal African people. A third primary source from this safari is also a book, entitled, In Brightest Africa. This book contains the zoologist, Carl Akeley’s writings on his personal account of the African safari of 1909. This source served as additional research on the African safari from a scientific researcher’s point of view, rather than a hunter’s point of view.
Many secondary sources have been written about the outcomes of Roosevelt’s African safari. One of these secondary sources is a book entitled, Film and the American Moral Vision of Nature, and is written by Ronald Tobias. This book is specifically dedicated to the safari, and shows how Americans viewed Africa and its wildlife after the safari reached wide scale publicity in America. An additional secondary source is Patricia O’Toole’s book, When Trumpets Call. This book gives an account of Roosevelt’s life following his presidency, including his experience on the safari. This source is valuable because it provides more information about the safari, as well as any feelings that the American public would have felt after Roosevelt returned from his safari. American daily newspaper, The New York Times, also published articles on Africa in the early 1900’s, including articles related to tribal African people. These articles refer to these tribal African people as “blood-drinkers” and “missing links”. These articles are important because they give background information on Americans’ knowledge and feelings regarding the people living in Africa through the media, which can be compared to any thoughts that either changed or stayed constant following Roosevelt’s safari.
Theodore Roosevelt’s safari of 1909 played a significant role in American history, as it was one of the first scientific ventures into Africa and one of the first ventures to be accompanied by many accessible first-hand accounts that provided Americans with a vision of Africa. This research paper will analyze how Theodore Roosevelt’s African safari of 1909 shaped the American view of Africa and eventually led to the exploitation of African wildlife.

Braudel Article

September 30th, 2011

Overall I thought that this article was really interesting. It gave a nice outlook on history and how it applies to the rest of the social sciences. Since they are all usually taught differently I never really thought about them as one big broad category, but I thought it was interesting about how they all related back to history in some way or form. In my opinion more people and researchers should use history to build their knowledge up in a topic area in order to further their knowledge of why certain things happen.

Book Review and Journal Article

September 26th, 2011

The book review that I found was a review in The Geographical Journal about Theodore Roosevelt’s book African Game Trails. It gives a good review about what Teddy Roosevelt was writing about during his time in Africa. Heres the link

The journal article that I found is titled Safari Adventure: Forgotten Cinematic Journeys in Africa, which was published in Film History. It talks about many of the early filming excursions that took place in Africa in the 20th century, including what Theodore Roosevelt filmed while he was there. The link to it is

Rough Draft for my Proposal Paper

September 21st, 2011

The Middle Eastern area of the world has been an area of conflict between many different countries, as well as many different groups of people. In the twentieth century we have seen uprisings in countries that have been predominantly led by groups of people who have felt dissatisfied with the job that their current government is doing, and they want to change that. Two main revolutions that were predominantly led by the people that will be analyzed in this research paper are the 1979 Iranian Revolution as well as the Modern Egyptian Revolutions. The main area that will be analyzed between these two revolutions is the use of social networking between the people involved in the uprisings. Through the intensive study of both primary and secondary source documents an understanding will be established on how many similarities and differences that there are in social networking between the two revolutions that only have a thirty-two year gap in between each other.
The usage of primary and secondary sources in this paper is extremely important because it allows for an outsider to understand exactly how these revolutions were started as well as carried out by the parties involved. The 1979 Iranian Revolution has had numerous books and articles written about it. Two critical sources about this revolution are Social Origins of the Iranian Revolution by Misagh Parsa and The Spirit of Allah: Khomeini and the Islamic Revolution. Social Origins of the Iranian Revolution provides and in-depth study of the social aspects of Iran leading up to, during, and after the Iranian Revolution. Through studying this secondary source an understanding can be created about the social aspect of the Iranian revolution, and how the revolution began and spread to the masses. The Spirit of Allah is another secondary source that was written about Ruhollah Khomeini and the role he played during the 1979 Iranian Revolution. This is a critical source on the topic because it provides the reader with information on how the predominant leader of the revolution gained power within Iran and how he gained support and followers to participate in the revolution. A primary source that would be very critical to this paper to gain a better understand of the techniques used in the 1979 Iranian Revolution, would be translated versions of the cassette tapes of Khomeini’s speeches that were passed along from person to person in Iran to help spark an uprising. Without this source this paper is still manageable because there are many other sources that have already studied these tapes and written about them, that will be fully utilized in this paper.
For the section of this paper analyzing the more recent Egyptian Revolutions, there are numerous primary sources and secondary sources that have and will be collected to gain a full understanding on this revolution. One very critical primary source that will be analyzed is the Facebook page that is contributed as one of the main sparks of the revolution; this is the Facebook page for We are all Khaled Said. This Facebook page provides all of the main supporters of Egyptian Revolution with a place to set up different protests and other events, and it is still in use today despite many efforts of the Egyptian government to shut it down. By analyzing this single webpage extensively, as well as the numerous sources that branch off of it, an extremely in-depth understanding of the social aspects of the Egyptian Revolution can be established. Another critical primary source webpage for analyzing the social networking aspect of the Egyptian Revolution, is the blog for the 6th April Movement. Although it has not been updated recently there are still many videos and blog posts that discuss the Egyptian Revolution and the different things that the people of Egypt can do to help support and participate in the movement. Both of these sources are very important to the analysis of the use of social networking because they are primary sources that physically demonstrate that main component of the Egyptian Revolution.
The 1979 Iranian Revolution and the 2011 Egyptian Revolution both have their key characteristic similarities and differences in what these revolutions set out to achieve and how they achieved it. One key aspect that they both had in common is the use of social networking between the supporters and participants of the revolution, and in this research paper an in-depth analysis will be made to understand how the different types of social networking played an important role in the creation and carrying out of these revolutions.

Research Paper Topic and Primary Source

September 12th, 2011

For my research paper I want to analyze the role that youth and technology played in the 2011 Egyptian Revolution. I’m not sure if this will be an okay paper topic since it is pretty recent, but hopefully it is.

The first primary source that I found to help add to my research paper is the main blog of the April 6th Youth movement. It can be accessed here at:

So What Really Is History?

September 4th, 2011

I thought the Carr reading overall was really informative, and it liked the perspective that he gave to the study of history. One of the main points that I noticed Carr talked about throughout his writing, was that history was whatever the historian pretty much wants it to be. For some reason I never really thought about it in that way. Now that I think about it, I always thought that the story that the historian was writing for us and informing us about was always 100% accurate. I never really realized everything that could have been potentially left out, and I never really questioned what made a certain event significant throughout history. After reading this article I’m definitely going to start questioning everything I read about in history classes more and trying to get more than one side of the issue if I can. Overall I enjoyed both of the readings and what they had to offer about people’s different perspectives on different historical topics.